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Occupational Risk and Job Safety Management
Job Safety Analysis (JSA) or Job Hazard Analysis (JHA) is a well-defined, systematic approach to occupational risk management and job safety management. JHAs provide a "bottoms-up" methodology for job safety analysis. The Occupational Health & Safety Administration (OSHA) recognizes and promotes the use of the JHA methodology for workplace safety risk mitigation. OSHA produced a 2002 JHA instruction manual (OSHA 371) called "Job Hazard Analysis" that is readily available at no-cost on the OSHA website.1
The JHA process starts with documentation of the job description and related job tasks/activities. Then each job task is analyzed for potential safety risks based on the individual task. The risk is then ranked by severity and frequency. Based on the risk ranking, mitigation actions are developed and implemented. Mitigation actions can include everything from risk elimination, procedure modification, safety training, to personal protective equipment (PPE.) At times, the risk can even be accepted as Low As Reasonably Possible (LARP.) with no further action taken.
JHAs should be periodically reviewed and updated with changes in job tasks, job locations, equipment, etc., to ensure safety mitigations stay current with job tasks and hazards.
1. OSHAL "Job Hazard Analysis," OSHA Publication 3071, 2002, https://www.osha.gov/Publications/osha3071.pdf, [499 KB PDF, 51 pages]